The United Nations Environment Program forecasts the end of leaded fuels on a global level within the next two years. Leaded gasoline is still used in Afghanistan, Algeria, Iraq, North Korea, Myanmar and Yemen, but all six nations are expected to phase it out by 2013 with the help of the UN. Leaded fuels, once used ubiquitously, carry serious health consequences. According to California State University, their elimination has resulted in increased IQ scores, lowered lead-in-blood levels by up to 90% and the prevention of more than 1.2 million premature deaths annually. According to the Associated Press, the UN Environmental Program began a final push to eradicate leaded fuel by founding the Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles in 2002, which helps developing nations with the switch to unleaded fuel.